Term: neuron (or nerve cell or neurone)
Ancient Greek νευρά/nevra (=cutgut) (νεαρόν (α>υ)/nearon (=young) because catgut were made from intestines of young animals.
Coined: by the German scientist Heinrich Wilhelm Gottfried von Waldeyer-Hartz in 1891
functional unit of the nervous system which consists of a cell body or soma, dendrites and axon. Neuron is a specialised cel responsible for information transmission in nervous system.
Runon derivatives :
nerve, nervous, neuroglia, neurolemma, neuritis, neuroblast, neurobiology, neuroma, neuromuscular, neuropathology, neuropathy, neuropeptide, neurotoxicity, neurotransmitter
Heinrich Wilhelm Gottfried von Waldeyer-Hartz also coined the term "chromosome"