Origin: άρθρο/arthro(=joint) + -ιτις /it is(=inflammation) à disease of the joints
Historical view: Archaeologists record that prehistoric man was often racked with arthritis and lamed by injuries. In Ancient Egypt, many skeletons had evidence of rheumatoid arthritis (S A Ruffer, J of Path and Bacteriol, Vol 22, 1919). Aretaeus (81-circa-138 AD) described a polyarthritis which could have been a polyarticular gout. Soranus of Ephesus (98-138 AD) in his treatise “On Chronic Disease described a polyarthritis affected middle-aged men. (Buchanan W and Walter Kean, Inflammopharmacology, Vol 9, N01,2, 2001). In 1715 William Musgrave published the book ''De arthritide symptomatica''. The term Rheumatoid Arthritis coined by physician, Sir Alfred Garrod in 1859.
Arthritis is a group of conditions characterized by inflammation of the body’s joints as in rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and septic arthritis.