Origin: Anc Greek σύναψις/synapsis(=conjuction)
συν-/syn (prefix denoting “with, together with”)
+άπτω/hapto (=fasten, adapt, clasp, bind)
Coined: in 1897 by the English physiologist Sir Charles Scott Sherrington (1857-1952) and colleagues. Sherrington shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology in 1932 with Lord Edgar Douglas Adrian of
for "their discoveries regarding the functions of neurons." Cambridge University
A synapse is a junction where a neuron relayed an electrical or chemical signal to another cell (neuron, muscle , or gland cell).