azoto + bacter(ium)
Origin: Anc Greek
άζωτο/azoto(=used formerly as a name for nitrogen)
α (=(privative) +ζωή/zoe(=life)
βακτήριον/bacterion(=bacterium) > βακτηρία/bacteria (=rod, stick) because the first ones observed were rod-shaped.
The term “ azoto” was coined by Lavoisier, who saw it as the part of air which cannot sustain life.
|Martinus Willem Beijerinck (1851 –1931)|
The term azotobacter was coined in 1901 by Dutch microbiologist and botanist Martinus Willem Beijerinck (1851 –1931).
A genus of gram-negative, nitrogen-fixing aerobic bacteria found in soil and water.