Origin: Anc Greek
κόλον/colon(=large intestine)> the word κόλον is the pariciple of the verb κολάζω /kolazo (=punish, excaudate, cut)
+ σκοπός/scopos(=aim, look at)
literally meaning “examination of colon”
Colonoscopy is the procedure of endoscopic examination of the colon and the distal part of the small bowel, in order to diagnose unexplained changes in bowel habits, abdominal pain and bleeding from the anus.