Term: cyclopia or cyclocephaly or synophthalmia
Origin: Anc Greek
>1/2 κυρτός/1/2cyrtos(=convex) + 1/2 κοίλος/coilos(=concave)
literally meaning "round-eyed,"
History of word
Cyclops were represented in Greek Mythology as, a primordial race of giants (sons of Uranus /Sky) and Gaia/Earth), each with a single eye in the middle of his forehead. Warkany stated that the Babylonian tables K3867 and K4064 in the
refers to a monster which has one eye on its forehead. Homer tested that Ulysses contended with Polyphemus, in the British Museum . In modern knowledge the term “cyclopia” coined by French naturalist Etienne Geoffroy Saint -Hilaire (1772 –1844), in 1832, in his classic 3- volume treatise aligned cyclopia with ethmocephaly and cedocephaly. Among many other contributions to science, he made a convincing case that defects in normal development led to congenital malformations. land of Cyclops
Cyclopia is a rare congenital disorder and it is a form of holoprosencephaly characterized by the failure of the embryonic prosencephalon to properly divide the orbits of the eye into two cavities.