Origin: Anc Greek
-φοβία/phobia(=combining form denoting fear)
>φέβομαι/phevomai(=run away because of fear)
1. (psych) irrational and intense fear as a mental disorder
2. (biol) avoidance of certain situations
3. (medic) describes overreaction to a stimulus
4. (chem) describing chemical aversions
The rule of coining “a new phobia” is to use, as first component, a Greek word concerning a specific fear and as suffix the word “-phobia”.
Examples of “-phobias”
· Acrophobia( fear of heights).
· Agoraphobia ( fear of places where escape is impossible)
· Anthropophobia (fear of people).
· Arachnophobia (fear of spiders)
· Astraphobia( fear of thunder and lightning)
· Entomophobia ( fear/dislike of insects).
· Claustrophobia (fear of being closed in).
· Gymnophobia ( fear of nudity).
· Gynophobia ( fear of women).
· Haptephobia (fear of being touched)
· Hemophobia, (fear of blood).
· Xenophobia- Fear of strangers or foreigners.
· Microbiophobia (fear of microbes and bactyeria).
· (fear of the no 666)
· Nosophobia (fear of contracting a disease).
· Nyctophobia,( Scotophobia) ( fear of darkness).
· Paraskavedekatriaphobia, ( fear of Friday the 13th).
· Pharmacophobia (fear of medication )
· Pyrophobia ( fear of fire).
· Ophidiophobia ( fear/dislike of snakes).