Term: lithotripsy, lithotrity
Literally meaning: breaking stones
Origin: Anc Greek
Lithotripsy emerged in the early 19thy cen as an alternative to the life-threatening perineal lithotomy. Surprisingly the first persons who pried to break bladder stones mechanically were not surgeons but sufferers from the disrease. In 1824 a Monk of Citreaux, who broke up a stone in his own bladder using a metal catheter into the bladder. Later a Bavarian physician, Franz von Gruithusen (1774-1852) settled the question by passing a straight tube into a bladder.
Lithotripsy refers to the fragmentasion of gallstones or kidney stones by means of an instrument passed through the urethra.