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cloning, clone

Term: cloning, clone
Literally meaning: “producing twigs”
Origin: Anc Greek
κλων/clon(=twig, young branch, slip, spray),   >κλάω/clao(=cut,lop)
Coined/History
The plant physiologist Herbert J. Webber is credited with originating the term “clon”  in 1903 referring to the process whereby a new plant can be created asexually from a single progenitor using cuttings, bulbs or buds. In 1905, when the Association of Agricultural Colleges and Experiment Stations formally adopted the term, a silent "e" was added to the word for purposes of conformity to the English language. The British biologist J.B.S. Haldane in 1963 in his speech entitled "Biological Possibilities for the Human Species of the Next Ten-Thousand Years" predicted the development of nuclear transplantation for higher species of animals. Definition
(biology) Cloning is the process of producing genetically similar populations of organisms(asexually), cells or DNA fragments.


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