Origin: Anc Greek
φαιός/pheos(= dusky, dim)
+χρωμο-/chromo-(=combining form denoting color)
+κυτο-/cyto- (=-cyte combining form meaning “cell” derived from anc Greek κυτίον/kytion/cytion=box, container)
+-ωμα/-oma (suffix denoting state or condition of mass growth)
The etymology refers to the color of the tumor cells acquire when stained with chromium salts. In 1912, a pathologist named Ludwig Pick, coined first time the term. Roux performed the first surgical resection of a pheochromocytoma in
in 1926 Lausanne, Switzerland
Pheochromocytoma is a rare tumor derived from chromaffin cells of the medulla of the adrenal glands. Up to 25% of pheochromocytomas may be familial indicating a hereditary disease.