Literally meaning: “inflammation of vertebra”
Origin: Anc Greek
σπόνδυλος/spondylos(=vertebra) >σπάω/spao(=break)+τύλος/tylos(=callus, corn)
-ίτις/-tis(=(=suffix which is used with the feminine noun η νόσος/ e nosos/(=disease), denoting “inflammation of”.
Spondylitis is usually a chronic inflammation of the one or more of the vertebrae of the spine characterized by stiffness and pain. Spondylitis can lead to a complete fusion of the vertebrae, a process called ankylosis.