Literally meaning: “inner room”
Origin: Anc Greek
θάλαμος/thalamos(=chamber, inner room )
by Greek phycisian Galen of Pergamon (130–200 AD in De Usu Partium (Utility of the Parts of the Bode) by way of comparing the human brain with the ground plan of a Greek house, with the bridal chamber at its heart, emphasizing the central role of thalamus.
Thalamus is a paired lobed and symmetrical structure of grey matter in the center (midline) of the vertebrates brain. Thalamus is a regulator in sensory function by distributing incoming sensory information to appropriate regions of the cortex.