Literally meaning: “enzyme of breaking down water”
Origin: Anc Greek
+-άση/-asy(=-ase) enzyme suffix added to the name of the substrate that the enzyme hydrolyzes eg proteinase for protein or lipase for lipids
>διά-/dia-(=prefix denoting “through”, “apart” )
> δυο/dio(two) + στάσις/stasis(=halt) > ίστημι/histimi(=stand).
A hydrolase is an enzyme that catalyzes the breaking of a chemical bond by adding a water molecule to a substance resulting in the split of that substance into two parts. Hydrolases are classified as enzymes of class EC 3.