Term: pterygium (pl pterygia) or Surfer’s Eye
Literally meaning: “small wing”
Origin: Anc Greek
πτερόν/pteron(=wing) > πέτομαι/petomai (=fly)
-ίγιο/-ygio(=suffix used for diminutives of nouns)
+( -um) =latin suffix that forms singular nouns
Pterygium is a benign external growth of the conjunctiva (the surface tissue of the white of the eye) usually growing from the nasal side of the sclera. If a pterygium is large enough, it can lead to astigmatism because the alteration of cornea’s shape.