Term: Echinococcus (genus)
Literally meaning: “spined granule ”
Origin: Anc Greek
+κόκκος/kokkos(=round seed, granule)
The name derived because the parasite forms granular and spined bodies into inner of hydatid cyst. The Italian Francesco Redi first described the worms in his book in 1864. It was not untill 1853 that Carl von Siebold demonstrated that Echinococcus cysts from sheep gave rise to adult tapeworms when fed to dogs.
. Osservazioni intorno agli animali viventi che si trovano negli animali viventi. Pietro Martini,
). Florence, Italy.
. Ueber die Verwandlung der -brut in Taenien. -425.
Echinococcus is a genus of Phylum Platyhelminthes that includes six species of tapewarms. Echinococcus causes hydatid disease (echinococcosis).