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laparotomy

Term: laparotomy
Literally meaning: “ incision into soft material”
Origin: Anc Greek
λαπάρα/lapara(=belly, flank) > λάπαρις/laparis(=soft)
+τομή/tomi(=incision)
Coined/History
 The term was coined initially as "laparothorakoskopie" by Swedish internist  Hans Christian Jacobaeus (1879-1937) after using this surgical proscedure   on the thorax and abdomen.
Sources
Vecchio R, Macfayden BV, Palazzo F. History of laparoscopic surgeryPanminerva Med. 2000;42:87–90
Definition

The surgical incision into the abdominal wall for access to abdominal cavity. 


Comment
An alternative to laparatomy is laparoscopy 



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