Term: anthropology (n)
Literally meaning: “study of human”
Origin: Anc Greek
άνθρωπος/anthropos>*ανήρ/aner->ανδρ-/an(δ)r, a strenghtened form of the stem ανερ-, of which the nom. is ανήρ (attic)(=a man) and -ωπος is from Gk. ωψ/ops, gen. ωπός/opos (=eye, face).
In Mycenaean language, the most ancient written form of the Greek language that has been discovered (16th-11th cen BC) the word was identified as a-to-ro-qo.
+(-λογία)/-logia>logy, suffix meaning “study of”, “speech”, “discourse”) > λέω/leo (=speak).
The term was coined by German philosophers in the 16th cen
Antropology or cultural anthropology is the study of human society and cultures. Biological or physical antrophology deals with the human diversity by studying other primates and human fossil remains.