Literally meaning: “testicle’s inflammation”
Origin: Anc Greek
όρχις/orchis(=testicle) > probably derived by verb ορχέομαι/orcheome(=dance) because of their appearance in ancient naked athletes
+ (-ίτις)/-ιτις (=-itis, suffix meaning “pertaining to” or “inflammation”.) It is in feminine gender because it was used with feminine noun η νόσος/ e nosos /(=disease).
the orchitis was first described and coined by Hippocrates (5th cen)
Orchitis or orchiditis is an painfull inflammation of of on or both testicles caused by viral or bacterial infection . Orchitis is characterised also by testicular swelling and redness, and pain.