Literally meaning: “that which feeds the neuron”
Origin: Anc Greek
neuro-> νεύρον/nevron(=neuron) > νευρά/nevra (=catgut)
> (νεαρόν/nearon (=young) because catgut were made from intestines of young animals.
The term coined by Yves Barde and Ron Lindsay in 1985 as neurotrophic factors.
. Placode and neural crest-derived sensory neurons are responsive at early developmental stages to brain-derived neurotrophic factor. Dev Biol 1985 Dec;112(2):319-28.
Neurotrophin is a any of a group of proteins necessary for neuron development.