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Term: epilepsy

Origin: Greek

 ἐπί (epi, upon)

+ λαμβάνω (lamvanō, I take).

Epilepsy was known also as the disease of  Hercules (morbus herculeus) because Hercules reportedly suffered from epilepsy when he went mad. Hercules expiated his crimes  finally through his 12 Labors.
The Greek physician Hippocrates wrote the first book on epilepsy, titled On the Sacred Disease, around 400 BC.  Hippocrates recognized that epilepsy was but a brain disorder, and he spoke out against the ideas that seizures were a curse from the gods and that people with epilepsy held the power of prophecy. 
n 70 A.D. Gospel According to Mark (9:14-29), Jesus Christ casts out a devil from a young man with epilepsy: "Teacher, I brought you my son, who is possessed by a spirit that has robbed him of speech.  Whenever it seizes him, it throws him to the ground.  He foams at the mouth, gnashes his teeth, and becomes rigid.  I asked your disciples to drive the spirit out, but they could not.”  (NIV) .
In 1904, the term "epileptologist" was first used to describe a person who specializes in epilepsy.  William Spratling (1900-1967), the neurologist who coined the word, is now regarded as North America's first epileptologist. 


A pattern of repeated seizures, as brain cells are not working properly resulting to alteration, for a short time, of a person's consciousness, movement, or actions.

Runon derivatives :


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