Search This Blog



Term: hyster -

Origin:  Latin hystericus "of the womb," from Ancient Greek  υστέρα/hystera (=womb, uterus) .

Coined: According Soranus (1st/2nd century)  a Greek physician (gynecologist, obsetrician, and pediatrician) from Ephesus  in his  remarkable work, On Midwifery and the Diseases of Women' "hystera" is deriver from greek word "hysteron" which means later or after because uterus (Greek: μήτρα/mitra or δελφύς/thelfys)  belongs to lower part of  the main body or because we can see the uteru outcome later. 
"Η μήτρα και υστέρα λέγεται και δελφύς. Μήτρα μεν ουν, ότι μήτηρ εστί πάντων των εξ αυτής γεννωμένων εμβρύων, ή ότι τας εχούσας αυτήν μητέρας ποεί, κατά δε τινας, ότι μέτρον έχει χρόνου προς κάθαρσιν και απίτεξιν. Υστέρα δε δια το ύστερον αποδιδόναι τα εαυτής ενεργήματα ή δια την εσχάτην κείσθαι πάντων των σπλάχνων, ει και μη προς ακρίβειαν αλλά κατά πλάτος. Δελφύς δε δια το αδελφών αυτήν είναι γεννητικήν", Σωρανός, Γυναικείων Α΄, 6, Εκδόσεις Κάκτος.

prefix  pertaining to the womb (uterus)  or suffering in the womb

Runon derivatives :

hysteroctomy, hystereurysis, hysteria, hysterics, hysterosalpingography, hysteroscope, hysterotomy,


the neurotic condition "hysteria" (=emotiional excitability)  is derived also from "υστέρα/hystera'( =womb, uterus) as it was thought from Hippocrates  that the cause of what came to be called hysteria was irregular movement of blood from the uterus to the brain. The term was coined at first at 1610s from  latin form hystericus  . 

No comments:

Post a Comment