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tracheostomy or tracheotomy

Term: tracheostomy or tracheotomy

Origin: Αnc Greek Anc Greek τραχεία/tracheia(= feminine gender of τραχύς/trachys=rough) > verb ταράσσω/tarazo(=ruffle) + στόμα/stoma(=mouth,  orifice) à tracheostomy
or τομή/tomi(=incision) à tracheotomy

Coined : Tracheostomy procedure existed right from the Rig Vedas. Later in the 8th cen  BC Homer referred to relief afforded a choking person when trachea was opened. Hippocrates used tracheostomy in treatment of quinsy. Mention of tracheostomy could be found in the intervening Roman and Arabic literature but the technique was forgotten for n early 10000 years (Darc Agers). The tracheostomy was returned back in 18th and 19th cen  during sporadic diphtheria epidemics in  Napoli. Tracheotomy was coined in 1718 by German surgeon Lorenz Heister (1683-1758). Thracheostomy originally meant a permanent opening  to be distinguished from the temporary nature of tracheotomy  but today the terms are used  interchangaeably to an y artificial aitrway created in trachea.

A surgical procedure, consists of making an opening in the front of the trachea (windpipe). A tracheostomy is performed  not because of a specific disease but because an indication is present as a result of a disease.
Hermes G Grillo Development of Tracheal Surgery: A Historical Review, 2004 from “Surgery of Trachea and Bronchi”  2004 BC Decker Inc

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