History and Origin (Etymology) of Biological / Biochemical / Medical Terms
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Literally meaning: “last appearance”
Origin: Anc Greek
φάσις/phasis(=stage) > φάσκω/phasko(=imperfect tense of verb “φημί”/phemi(=appear, show, manifest, aver)
Eduard Strasburger (1844- 1912)
In 1884 the famous German botanist, Eduard Strasburger (1844- 1912) coined the terms prophase, metaphase, and anaphase for the different stages of cell division. He used the term metaphase in order to define the stage of nulear division after the chromosomes have divided into chromatids although about 1905 he realized that the chromosomes are already double when nuclear division begins.
Telophase is a stage of mitosis and meiosis (following anaphase and preceding interphase) of eucaryotic cells in which two daughter nuclei form in the cell and twonuclear envelopes are formed. The cytokinisis (cell separation) usually occurs at the same time.