Literally meaning: “inflammation of pericardium”
Origin: Anc Greek
περί-/peri- (=combining form meaning “around”)
+ καρδία /kardia (=heart) > derived according Meletios(7th-8th cen AD) probably from verb >κραδαίνω/kradeno (=rattle, rock)
+ (-ίτις)/-ιτις (=-itis, suffix meaning “pertaining to” or “inflammation”.) It is in feminine gender because it was used with feminine noun η νόσος/ e nosos /(=disease)
Pericarditis is defined as an inflammation of the pericardium characterized usually by chest pain.