Literally meaning: “stretched around”
Origin/Etymology: Anc Greek
περί-/peri- (=combining form meaning “around”)
+τόνος/tonos(=stretching) > τανύω/taneo(=strain)
In 1884 Werth et all coined the term “pseudomyxoma peritonei” in order to describe a mucinous ovarian tumor close to peritoneum. Simpson et al. In 1931 coined the term "peritoneal carcinomatosis" to describe the regional spread of ovarian tumors in peritoneum.
Peritoneum is the thin membrane that lines part of the abdominal and pelvic cavitiy, and covers most abdominal viscera and organs. The parietal peritoneum covers the abdominal wall and the visceral peritoneum lines the abdominal organs.