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dysmorphology

Term: dysmorphology

The blinding of the single-eyed Cyclops Polyphemus by Ulysses (Proto-Attic Amphora : 670-660 BC). Archaelogical Museum of Eleusis. 

Literally meaning: “about bad or ugly shape, study of malformations”
Origin: Anc Greek
δυσ-/dys-(=prefix used with a negative sense meaning difficult, bad, abnormal, misfortune) > δύω/dyo(=decline) δύση/dysi(=sundown)
+μορφή/morphi(=form, shape) >  μορφάω/morphao(=represent, appear)>
Μορφέας/Morpheus(=the god of dreams who was appeared in dreams in many forms)

Coined/History
In 1966 by American pediatrician and clinical geneticist Dr David W. Smith (1926-1981) in order to describe the study of human congenital defects concerning body structure.

Definition
Study of congenital defects that alter body shape or body parts of a newborn child as a result of an abnormal ontogenesis during embryogenesis . Dysmorphologe is a branch of Clinical genetics

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