Literally meaning: “ incision into soft material”
Origin: Anc Greek
λαπάρα/lapara(=belly, flank) > λάπαρις/laparis(=soft)
The term was coined initially as "laparothorakoskopie" by Swedish internist Hans Christian Jacobaeus (1879-1937) after using this surgical proscedure on the thorax and abdomen.
Vecchio R, Macfayden BV, Palazzo F. History of laparoscopic surgery. Panminerva Med. 2000;42:87–90
The surgical incision into the abdominal wall for access to abdominal cavity.
An alternative to laparatomy is laparoscopy