Term: rheumatology (n)
Origin: Anc Greek ρεύμα/rheuma (=stream, flowing)>ροή/roe (=flow)
+λογία/logia(=logy, suffix meaning “study of” or “discourse of”) >λέω/leo (=speak)
The term was introduced into the literature by the French physician G Guillaume de Baillou (1538—1616), who emphasized that arthritis could be a systemic disorder in 1642. Later in 18th cen William Heberden (1710-1801) wrote :
“The rheumatism is a common name for many aches and pains, which have yet peculiar appellation. Though owing to very different causes. Commentaries on the History and Cure of Diseases, ch.79.
The terms rheumatology and rheumatologist are first coined by Drs. Hollander and Comroe, respectively in 1940s.
Rheumatology is a medical discipline which deals with diseases affecting the joints and connective tissue such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and lupus.