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metabolism, anabolism, catabolism)

Term: metabolism

Origin: Anc Greek The modern English word "metabolism" comes from the Greek μεταβολισμός/metavolismos that derived from noun μεταβολή/metabole, (=change) > μετά/meta(=over, after) +βάλλειν/vallein (=to thrown).

Καταβολισμός/Catabolism > κατά/cata (=to throw down) +  βάλλειν/vallein (=to thrown).
Αναβολισμός/anabolism> ανα/ana (=to throw up) + βάλλειν/vallein (=to thrown).

Santorio Santorio (b. 1561 d. 1636)
Coined: The concept of metabolism dates back to Ibn al-Nafis (1213-1288), who stated that "the body and its parts are in a continuous state of dissolution and nourishment, so they are inevitably undergoing permanent change." Later in 1614  Santorio Santorio’s tome "Ars de statica medecina" was explained in detail his series of pain-staking and time-consuming experiments. First, Santorio used a steelyard balance and he suspended a chair to it. Then, he sat on the chair and had the weight taken and recorded during several stages. The situations were prior to having a meal and again after finishing it; while sleeping; as well as when he was working, having sex, and even while undergoing a fast. Santorio is known for his meticulous measurements of his urine and feces, which he compared to his dietary intake. Because the measurements of his waste was always lower, he proposed the concept of “insensible perspiration” (sweat, basically) to explain the divergence in measurements. Later Franklin Church Bing (1902-1988)  in 1971 used the word “metabolism” in connection with a 1743 citation in his article on Dr John Lining (1708-1760).

The complete set of biochemical reactions that take place  in living cells comprising both anabolism (synthesis of complex molecules from simpler ones)  and catabolism (breaking down of complex molecules into simpler ones with the liberation of  energy).


William J. Darby and Patricia B. Swan Franklin Church Bing (1902–1988) (Journal of Nutrition. 2001;131:713-716.)  

Runon derivatives :

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