Search This Blog

Translate

colchine

Term: colchicine (n)

Literally meaning: pertaining to Colchis”

Origin: Anc Greek

Κολχίς/Colhis: in Greek mythology, the Greek name of a region in the far southeast corner of the Black Sea  (present-day western Georgia),  homeland of Medea and the destination of the Argonauts.
 
Coined/History
The autumn crocus (Colchicum autumnale) a bulb plant which is the plant sourse for alcaloid colchicine which was abundant in Colhis region .

Definition
Colchicine is an alkaloid (C22H25NO6) that inhibits mitosis. It is extracted from the corms or seeds of the autumn crocus (Colchicum autumnale), and is used especially for its anti-gout and anti-inflammatory activities. In cytogenetics colchicine is used for  arresting cells during cell division by inhibiting the polymerization of cytoskeletal tubulin.

No comments:

Post a Comment

FAMOUS AND ANCIENT